An Indonesian citizen, he has been Head of Public Relations Division, General Manager of PT Astra International Tbk since 2003. He was previously Head of External Relations Department PT Astra International Tbk, Senior Manager from 1999 to 2003 and Head of Internal Relations Department, Manager from 1994 to 1999. He joined Astra in 1994. Prior to joining the Company, he was the Capital Markets Editor at Bisnis Indonesia. He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Technology of Industrial Agriculture from Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) in 1980 to 1985.